Vascular Specialist International : eISSN 2288-7989 / pISSN 2288-7970

Table. 1.

Table. 1.

Clinical characteristics and risk factors for major amputation in DFW

Risk factor DFW (n=141) Major amputation (n=37, 26.2%) Univariate Multivariate


P-value P-value OR (95% CI)
Age (y) 86 (61.0) 27 (31.4) 0.082 0.485 0.653 (0.198–2.156)
 ≥60
Male 71 (50.4) 16 (22.5) 0.314 0.227 1.870 (0.677–5.167)
Site, right 68 (48.2) 19 (27.9) 0.658 0.787 0.879 (0.346–2.236)
Wagner classification 0.001 0.001 12.155 (3.427–43.106)
 Wagner grade 0 3 (2.1) 0 (0.0)
 Wagner grade 1 19 (13.5) 0 (0.0)
 Wagner grade 2 1 (0.7) 0 (0.0)
 Wagner grade 3 50 (35.5) 5 (10.0)
 Wagner grade 4 45 (31.9) 9 (20.0)
 Wagner grade 5 23 (16.3) 23 (100.0)
Wound infection 102 (72.3) 29 (28.4) 0.339 0.476 1.516 (0.483–4.752)
Hypertension 92 (65.2) 25 (27.2) 0.730 0.839 1.114 (0.395–3.139)
DM control 0.525 0.690 0.807 (0.282–2.313)
 Insulin 40 (28.4) 9 (22.5)
Coronary artery disease 36 (25.5) 14 (38.9) 0.046 0.322 1.707 (0.593–4.911)
Congestive heart failure 18 (12.8) 10 (55.6) 0.002 0.028 4.486 (1.180–17.061)
Cerebrovascular disease 35 (24.8) 11 (31.4) 0.421 0.706 1.227 (0.424–3.555)
Chronic kidney diseasea 31 (22.0) 11 (35.5) 0.185 0.754 1.198 (0.389–3.691)
COPD 41 (29.1) 13 (31.7) 0.345 0.667 1.256 (0.445–3.539)
Leukocytosis 68 (48.2) 25 (36.8) 0.006 0.047 2.661 (1.012–6.995)
HbA1c >9 40 (28.4) 10 (25.0) 0.833 0.894 1.074 (0.376–3.069)
Smoking 81 (57.4) 21 (25.9) 0.921 0.319 1.774 (0.575–5.471)
Dementia 23 (16.3) 10 (43.5) 0.040 0.071 3.340 (0.900–12.391)
Economic state 79 (56.0) 24 (30.4) 0.207 0.140 2.166 (0.775–6.049)
PAOD 76 (53.9) 29 (38.2) 0.001 0.034 3.727 (1.101–12.615)

Values are presented as number (%).

DFW, diabetic foot wound; OR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval; DM, diabetes mellitus; COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; PAOD, peripheral arterial occlusive disease.

Glomerular filtration rate <30.

Vasc Spec Int 2018;34:109-16 https://doi.org/10.5758/vsi.2018.34.4.109
© 2018 The Korean Society for Vascular Surgery